Pompeii was destroyed, and completely buried, during a long catastrophic eruption of Mount Vesuvius spanning two/three days in AD 79. The volcano collapsed higher roof-lines and buried Pompeii under many meters of ash and pumice, and it was lost for nearly 1700 years before its accidental rediscovery in 1748. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city at the height of the Roman Empire. Today, it is both one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with 2,571,725 visitors in 2007, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There is no place like Pompei that really makes you travel back in time and walk around as if you were a roman, a patrician, a slave, an excited spectator in a noisy crowd in the theatre, a wine merchant or a naughty sailor heading to the brothel. Compulsory!